Now welcoming patients with Canadian Dental Care Plan (CDCP) coverage!

What is puberty gingivitis?

Share This Page

Puberty gingivitis is a preventable form of gum disease that can develop in children during their pubescent phase. In this post, our Whitehorse dentists explain what causes puberty gingivitis and how you and your child can prevent it.

Although it is not very well-known, puberty gingivitis is a fairly common disease among adolescents. This condition may progress to more serious periodontal disease if it is not identified and treated early on.

What causes puberty gingivitis?

Puberty gingivitis is most common in preadolescent boys and girls who are between the ages of 11 and 13.

During these years, kids often begin to assert a little more independence, and their dietary and oral hygiene habits can go downhill because of reduced parental supervision.

Puberty gingivitis is usually caused by a combination of poor oral hygiene habits and diet, combined with elevated hormone levels during puberty (which increase the sensitivity of the gums to accumulated dental plaque). Poor nutrition can make it challenging for the body to fight off infections, which puts children at a higher risk of developing gum disease.

Teens who smoke or vape are at much higher risk of gum and tooth disease than others.

Being under continuous stress weakens the immune system and increases inflammation. High-stress levels, combined with poor oral health and hygiene, can cause gum disease to develop over time. 

This combination of factors makes gingivitis more of a risk for young people going through puberty than it would be at other times in their lives.


Puberty gingivitis symptoms include bleeding and inflammation of the gums. The gum tissue may also become red, swollen, and less firm to the touch. Bad breath can also be a symptom.


The key defense against puberty gingivitis is prevention!

Your children may be less inclined to maintain proper dental hygiene habits as they age, which is why it's important for parents to remain firm and instill these good habits in them!

Ensure that your pre-teen brushes thoroughly for two full minutes in the morning and again before bed, and flosses carefully at least once a day.

If your child has already developed gingivitis, periodontal therapy at your dentist’s office may help to get it under control. Mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine can be used to control the infection as well. Our Whitehorse dentists will also advise your teen on the correct brushing and flossing techniques for long-term dental health.

For more answers to questions about your child's gum health and disease prevention, contact us at Klondyke Dental Centre today.

Questions about our services? Ready to book an appointment?

Contact Klondyke Dental Centre today.

Request Appointment

(867) 668-3152